New Delhi: The cheetah that went extinct in independent India is about to return, Bhupender Yadav, Union Cabinet Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change, announced Wednesday.
the minister tweeted that an action plan for the reintroduction of cheetahs in India has been launched at the 19th meeting of the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
Over the next five years, 50 cheetahs will be reintroduced to India, Yadav said in a statement released by the Union’s Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Climate Change.
The cheetah that went extinct in independent India is about to return.
Launch of an action plan for the reintroduction of the cheetah in India at the 19th meeting of the National Tiger Conservation Authority. pic.twitter.com/Gs5k0ktMUb
– Bhupender Yadav (@byadavbjp) January 5, 2022
How the cheetah became extinct in India
The animal was found across the country, except high mountains, coasts and the northeast region, according to different accounts.
The large-scale capture of animals from the wild for running, bounty and sport hunting, and extensive habitat conservation as well as the consequent decline of the prey base have been the main reasons for the decline of the cheetah in India, the Governments action plan Remarks.
The number of cheetahs in India had declined dramatically by 1900.
During the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir in the 16th century, the world’s first cheetah was bred in captivity in India. During Akbar’s reign, there were as many as 10,000 cheetahs. Of these, 1,000 were in his yard.
In the 20th century, cheetahs were imported for sport. Between 1799 and 1968, there were at least 230 cheetahs, according to research.
The last cheetahs in the wild were recorded in 1948 when three two were felled in the forests of Sal (Shorea robusta) of the district of Koriya (Nowadays VShhattisgarh), and some sporadic reports from the Central and Deccan regions up to the environment–1970s.
Simultaneously, India had entered into negotiations with the Shah of Iran in the 1970s. at to bring the Asian cheetah in India in exchange for Asian lions.
In 2009, it was decided that the African cheetah would be used for introduction into India.
In 1952, the first independent India wildlife board meeting was requested to assign special priority to the protection of cheetah in vsCentral India.
After the enactment of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act in 1972 and the establishment of a network of protected areas over the past five decades, the root cause of the cheetah’s extinction in India has been properly addressed, says the action plan.
Where are cheetahs currently found in the world?
How does the government plan to reintroduce the cheetah to India?
According to the Action Plan for the Introduction of the Cheetah to India. In addition, the KNP is devoid of any human establishment.
According to the action plan, a total of 10 cheetahs will come from India from South Africa or Namibia and will be fitted with satellite telemetry collars.
The first group of cheetahs will need to settle in the reserve and will need to learn how to find the appropriate prey to hunt or kill, and begin to breed.
Initially, around three to four male cheetahs will be imported into India. This will allow the males to know the area and to hunt more successfully. Males are expected to be four to five years old, as they are said to be dominant and seek to hold territory, the action plan says.
About six female cheetahs will be part of the initial group of cheetahs to be introduced to India. Females must be over 2.5 years old.
The cheetahs will be airlifted to India and trucked from the airport to Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary.
They will be anesthetized before transport, and radio collars will be placed on them so that when released in India, they will have them already attached in the event of an escape or long-distance travel.
The animals will be fed on natural prey during their stay in the enclosure.